Next you will need to assess how well available evidence considers gender, diversity and equity.
Can you use the evidence you have to understand the gender influences? Are there pieces of related evidence that relate to income, paid and unpaid work, or other opportunities for males and females separately?
Ideally, data and information would be recorded, reported and analyzed by sex and with related information on age, income, residence, and any other factors that would help to understand the situation fully and begin to get at how gendered influences (such as employment opportunities, expectations to care for dependants, societal reactions to domestic violence) are affecting health.
A fundamental question asked in Sex and Gender-based analysis is:
Who is not included here?
So, ask yourself if your evidence can say anything about women or men with disabilities, new immigrants, rural or urban residents.
This encourages us to stretch our thinking and consider what makes women and men, girls and boys vulnerable.
What does the evidence tell you about the opportunities women and men have? Which women? Which men?
Evidence and research related to access to services, opportunities to participate in health programs or even local transportation options can help us to understand whether women and men, and which among them, have equitable resources to take advantage of good health.
Think about the example we had earlier of the diabetes foot clinic. When we understand the diversity of our local population and how women and men take on gendered roles and responsibilities in their homes and community, then we can understand whether there is equity in their ability to even get to the foot clinic. This will help us make any changes we need to reach the men and women we want to serve.