We might think that recommendations that are sensitive or responsive to sex, gender, diversity and equity are the logical conclusion of an SGBA. Having defined an issue, identified the populations of interest, and then gathered and analyzed evidence, we should be well-prepared to provide advice to policy makers, planners, managers and others. Indeed, ideally, we would have the opportunity to work through the whole process of sex- and gender-based analysis, whether we are engaged in research, policy or planning for health. But our jobs sometimes require us to work differently: as planners, we might be expected to address a specific issue; as researchers, we might be asked to analyze data we didn’t collect; as policy makers, we might be directed to assess the implications of program design or implement a set of recommendations.

Regardless of where we enter the process of SGBA, it is important to pay attention to the core concepts of sex, gender, diversity and equity when developing, implementing or evaluating recommendations. Recommendations that ignore the core concepts may not only fail to solve problems, but may make the original situation worse or even create new problems.

By the end of this module, you should be able to:

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