No matter where we enter the process of SGBA, eventually we have to try to make sense of the issues, populations, evidence, and/or recommendations we have identified through reading, consultation and analysis. This dimension of the process might be compared to doing a jigsaw puzzle. We need to gather the pieces of the puzzle and figure out how they fit together in order to create a picture of what is happening, who is involved, and what is needed.

Ideally, we would be able to analyze the implications of a policy, program, or research project while it is being designed and before it is launched. But in practice we may not be asked or have an opportunity to undertake an SGBA until a policy, program or project is already in place or underway. Fortunately, SGBA can be applied at any point in the planning and development cycle, from design through to evaluation. SGBA can even be useful after a project or program is completed because it helps us to assess strengths and limitations and plan future work in relation to the core concepts of sex, gender, diversity and equity.

Regardless of where we enter the process, SGBA contributes to better policies, practices and science because any analysis that ignores the core concepts runs the risk of misinterpreting ideas and evidence as well as overlooking populations and sub-populations at risk or in need.

By the end of this module you should be able to:

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